France and Britain both suffered financially because of the war, with significant long-term consequences. Britain gained control of French Canada and Acadia, colonies containing approximately 80, primarily French-speaking Roman Catholic residents. The deportation of Acadians beginning in made land available to immigrants from Europe and migrants from the colonies to the south.
The British resettled many Acadians throughout its American provinces, but many went to France and some went to New Orleans, which they expected to remain French. Some were sent to colonize places as diverse as French Guiana and the Falkland Islands , but these efforts were unsuccessful.
The Louisiana population contributed to founding the Cajun population. The French word "Acadien" changed to "Cadien" then to "Cajun". King George III issued the Royal Proclamation of on October 7, which outlined the division and administration of the newly conquered territory, and it continues to govern relations to some extent between the government of Canada and the First Nations.
Included in its provisions was the reservation of lands west of the Appalachian Mountains to its Indian population,  a demarcation that was only a temporary impediment to a rising tide of westward-bound settlers. The Act maintained French Civil law, including the seigneurial system , a medieval code removed from France within a generation by the French Revolution. The Quebec Act was a major concern for the largely Protestant Thirteen Colonies over the advance of "popery".
It is typically associated with other Intolerable Acts , legislation that eventually led to the American Revolutionary War. The Quebec Act served as the constitutional document for the Province of Quebec until it was superseded by the Constitutional Act The Crown sought sources of revenue to pay it off and attempted to impose new taxes on its colonies.
These attempts were met with increasingly stiff resistance, until troops were called in to enforce the Crown's authority, and they ultimately led to the start of the American Revolutionary War.
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Minister Choiseul considered that he had made a good deal at the Treaty of Paris, and Voltaire wrote that Louis XV had lost "a few acres of snow". The elimination of French power in America meant the disappearance of a strong ally for some Indian tribes. The British takeover of Spanish Florida resulted in the westward migration of Indian tribes who did not want to do business with them.
This migration also caused a rise in tensions between the Choctaw and the Creek, historic enemies who were competing for land. Most went to Cuba, although some Christianized Yamasee were resettled to the coast of Mexico. Cave describes as French "revenge for Montcalm's death". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the conflict from to For the series of conflicts between and , see French and Indian Wars.
Lawrence and Mohawk theater. Lawrence Cape Sable St. John River Restigouche St.
8b. The French and Indian War
Theatres of the Seven Years' War. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. See also: Franco-Indian alliance. See also: Conquest of Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. Page In John G. Reid ed. University of Toronto Press.
Encyclopedia of North American immigration. New York: Facts on File.
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Revolutionary America, — A Political History. London: Routledge. World Digital Library. Retrieved In Buckner, Phillip; Reid, John eds. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. New York: Alfred A. Retrieved January 21, Anderson, Fred New York: Knopf. New York: Viking. Brumwell, Stephen Cambridge University Press. Calloway, Colin G Oxford University Press. Cave, Alfred A. The French and Indian War.
Westport, Connecticut - London: Greenwood Press. Eckert, Allan W. Wilderness Empire. Bantam Books, , originally published Second volume in a series of historical narratives, with emphasis on Sir William Johnson.
Academic historians often regard Eckert's books, which are written in the style of novels, to be unreliable, as they contain things like dialogue that is clearly fictional. Ellis, Joseph J. His Excellency George Washington. New York: Vintage Books. Fowler, William M. New York: Walker. Gipson, Lawrence H. Jennings, Francis New York: Norton.
Murrin, John M.
Atlantic Politics, Military Strategy and the French and Indian War by Richard Hall
Reviews in American History. Nester, William R The first global war: Britain, France, and the fate of North America, — Westport, CT: Praeger. Nester, William R. Guns at the Forks. Parkman, Francis. Originally published New York: Da Capo, Library and Archives Canada. Links to related articles. History of North America. Military history of Canada. French colonial conflicts. History of the United States. Prehistory Pre-Columbian Colonial — — — — — — — — — —present.
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