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By studying the basic forces of nature, we aim to understand how these fundamental particles interact and bind together to form more familiar objects like the proton or the neutron , how they decay from one form to another and how they influenced the evolution of the very early Universe. The goal of the subject is to discover the law of nature in their most fundamental form, and to understand how the Universe we see around us emerges from these fundamental laws. The subject relies on experiments ranging from huge particle accelerators such as the LHC , orbiting satellites e.
WMAP and Planck , terrestrial detectors, underground laboratories and simulations using powerful supercomputers, as well as on the creative ideas of individial scientists. Particle physics is broadly split into two groups: experimental physicists, who gather data about the universe, and theoretical physicists. Theoretical particle physics uses mathematical techniques to understand the results of particle physics experiments. The Standard Model of particle physics governs three of these all except gravity and the elementary particles that take part in these interactions.
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Whilst very successful in explaining most, if not all, of current experimental measurements, we do not believe that the Standard Model is complete. Theoretical particle physics today moves in two basic directions.
Theoretical Elementary Particle Physics
One is to use the Standard Model to make precise predictions that can be tested against experimental data, with a view to confirming or disproving the correctness of the current theory. The other direction is to use mathematical reasoning to deduce what would be the logical extension of the Standard Model.
This particle is needed to allow other elementary particles to have a non-zero mass without breaking the important symmetries of the Standard Model. Peter Higgs has been a faculty member in Physics at the University of Edinburgh since and at present is an Emeritus Professor in our group. Professor Higgs's important work was rewarded with the Nobel Prize in Physics in
Related Field Theoretical Methods in Particle Physics
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