From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42


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Pages can include limited notes and highlighting, and the copy can include previous owner inscriptions. About this title Synopsis: For a long time the provincial autonomy phase of the Indian national movement was largely ignored by historians. Auburn is the original ThriftBooks warehouse. While cutting edge ThriftBooks pricing technology and the latest supply-chain methods allow us to serve you better, it's the hard-working, dedicated, team in Auburn that differentiates ThriftBooks.

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List this Seller's Books. Payment Methods accepted by seller. AbeBooks Bookseller Since: May 31, Stock Image. Published by Sage Pubns, Used Condition: Used: Good Soft cover. Its strong advocacy for the establishment of a separate Muslim-majority nation-state, Pakistan, successfully led to the partition of British India in by the British Empire. The Congress ministries resigned in October and November , in protest against Viceroy Lord Linlithgow 's action of declaring India to be a belligerent in the Second World War without consulting the Indian people.

Lec 63-Congress Govt during British Rule [1937 Elections] with Fantastic Fundas - Modern History

Victor Alexander John Hope, 2nd Marquess of Linlithgow , was a British Unionist politician, agriculturalist and colonial administrator. He served as Governor-General and Viceroy of India from to He was usually referred to simply as Linlithgow. The election was the first in which large masses of Indians were eligible to participate.

An estimated Nehru admitted that while the elections were on a restricted franchise, they were a big improvement as compared to earlier elections conducted by the British raj that had been extremely restricted.

The results were in favour of the Indian National Congress. Of the total of 1, seats, it won Among the seats assigned "general" constituencies, it contested and won Of the non-general constituencies contested by Congress, 59 were reserved for Muslims and in those the Congress won 25 seats, 15 of them in the entirely-Muslim North-West Frontier Province. The All-India Muslim League won seats 6. The only other party to win more than 5 percent of the assembly seats was the Unionist Party Punjab , with seats.

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The Unionist Party mainly represented the interests of the landed gentry and landlords of Punjab, which included Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs. The party's leaders served as Prime Minister of the Punjab. Neither the Muslim League nor the Congress did well in the Muslim constituencies. While the Muslim League fared better on Muslim seats from the non-Muslim majority provinces, its performance was less impressive in the Muslim majority provinces such as Punjab and Bengal.

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The Congress was also unable to show popularity among Muslims. The elections showed that Muslims thought along provincial or local lines and were less interested in all-India matters. The Sind Legislative Assembly had 60 members. The Sind United Party emerged the leader with 22 seats, and the Congress secured 8 seats. The UP legislature consisted of a Legislative Council of 52 elected and 6 or 8 nominated members and a Legislative Assembly of elected members: some from exclusive Muslim constituencies, some from "General" constituencies, and some "Special" constituencies.

In Assam, the Congress won 33 seats out of a total of making it the single largest party, though it was not in a position to form a ministry. In Bombay, the Congress fell just short of gaining half the seats. However, it was able to draw on the support of some small pro-Congress groups to form a working majority.


  1. Feng Shui.
  2. Rafi Ahmed Kidwai?
  3. Indian provincial elections, 1937?

Kher became the first Chief Minister of Bombay. In three additional provinces, Central Provinces , Bihar , and Orissa , the Congress won clear majorities. In the overwhelmingly Muslim North-West Frontier Province, Congress won 19 out of 50 seats and was able, with minor party support, to form a ministry. Fazlul Huq with 36 seats was able to form a coalition government. The election results were a blow to the League. The League insisted that the Congress should not nominate any Muslims to the ministries, as it the League claimed to be the exclusive representative of Indian Muslims.

This was not acceptable to the Congress, and it declined the League's offer. Its leaders were seen as aristocrats and princes, whereas many Muslims at that time were poor and illiterate. Viceroy Linlithgow declared India at war with Germany on 3 September The Congress Working Committee suggested that it would cooperate if there a central Indian national government were formed, and a commitment were made to India's independence after the war.

The government did not come up with any satisfactory response. Viceroy Linlithgow could only offer to form a 'consultative committee' for advisory functions. Thus, Linlithgow refused the demands of the Congress. On 22 October , all Congress ministries were called upon to tender their resignations. I wish the Musalmans all over India to observe Friday 22 December as the "Day of Deliverance" and thanksgiving as a mark of relief that the Congress regime has at last ceased to function.

I hope that the provincial, district and primary Muslim Leagues all over India will hold public meetings and pass the resolution with such modification as they may be advised, and after Jumma prayers offer prayers by way of thanksgiving for being delivered from the unjust Congress regime. The Partition of India was the division of British India in which eventually accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan. The partition involved the division of three provinces, Assam, Bengal and Punjab, based on district-wide Hindu or Muslim majorities.

Congress and quit India movement

The boundary demarcating India and Pakistan came to be known as the Radcliffe Line. It also involved the division of the British Indian Army, the Royal Indian Navy, the Indian Civil Service, the railways, and the central treasury, between the two new dominions. The partition was set forth in the Indian Independence Act and resulted in the dissolution of the British Raj, as the British government there was called.

The two self-governing countries of Pakistan and India legally came into existence at midnight on 14—15 August The Pakistan Movement or Tehrik-e-Pakistan was a religious political movement in the s that aimed for and succeeded in the creation of Pakistan from the Muslim-majority areas of the British Indian Empire.

From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42 From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42
From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42 From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42
From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42 From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42
From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42 From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42
From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42 From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42
From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42 From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42
From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42 From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42
From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42 From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42
From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42

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