Buy eBook. Buy Softcover. FAQ Policy. About this book In view of the explosion of violent conflicts in many parts of the world and the hasty, but prevailing, assumption that ethnicity is the source of these conflicts, this book is encompassed to highlight, describe and examine how ethnicity is politicized in many of these current conflicts. Show all.
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Ethnic Minority Conflicts and Governance in Nigeria - Introduction - IFRA-Nigeria
Larger Image. Description Table of Contents Author Biography Goodreads reviews In view of the explosion of violent conflicts in many parts of the world and the hasty, but prevailing, assumption that ethnicity is the source of these conflicts, this book is encompassed to highlight, describe and examine how ethnicity is politicized in many of these current conflicts. There are considerable variations and contradictions in the circumstances and needs of ethnic minority groups in Nigeria.
The constructive amelioration or resolution of ethnic minority problems in Nigeria can contribute to the consolidation of democratic governance and federalism in the country by promoting equity and reciprocity in intercommunity relations. The existence of deep cultural identities and differences is not necessarily inconsistent with the institutionalization of stable forms and styles of democratic governance.
According to one useful United Nations source, minorities are groups that are: numerically inferior to the rest of the population of a state, in a non-dominant position, whose members possess ethnic, religious or linguistic characteristics differing from those of the rest of the population, and show, if only implicitly, a sense of solidarity directed towards preserving their culture, traditions, religion or language cited in Thornberry, Ethnonationalists — These are relatively large, regionally concentrated peoples who historically were autonomous and who have pursued separatist objectives at some time during the last half-century.
Indigenous peoples — These are conquered descendants of the original inhabitants of a region who typically live a pre-industrial existence in peripheral regions, practice subsistence agriculture or herding, and have cultures that are sharply distinct from those of dominant groups. Some other indigenous peoples, such as the Kurds, may also be cross-classified as ethnonationalists because they have developed a sense of nationhood and have supported separatist movements during the past half-century.
Ethnoclasses are ethnically or culturally distinct peoples, usually descended from slaves or immigrants, with special economic roles, usually of an inferior status. In the Third World, however, ethnoclasses sometimes are economically advantaged but politically restricted merchants and professionals, like the Chinese of Malaysia and the residual European and Asian minorities in Eastern and Southern Africa. Common to most ethnoclasses is the demand for more economic opportunities or public services, and greater political participation.
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Militant or politicized sects are communal groups whose political status and activities are centred on the defence of their religious beliefs. Virtually all of these politicized religious communities can be cross-classified as indigenous peoples, ethnonationalists, ethnoclasses or even communal contenders.
Communal contenders — These are culturally distinct groups in heterogeneous societies in which no single group constitutes a demographic majority of the population and virtually all groups hold or seek a share in state power. Communal contenders are of two types: Advantaged communal contenders: These are culturally distinct groups with political or economic advantages over other groups in a heterogeneous society.
Institutional Constraints to Ethnic Mobilization
Disadvantaged communal contenders: These are groups who are subject to political or economic discrimination or both. Protracted social conflicts are long drawn out social processes which combine ethnicity with a demand for economic redistribution. In such conflicts, it is difficult to distinguish between needs, interest and security.
They involve a conflict between the periphery and the centre in which a dominant or hegemonic ethnic group or coalition controls the central state apparatus at the expense of peripheral ethnic sections. Some writers use the concept of internal colonialism to describe this process. These ethnic conflicts occur in segmented, deeply divided societies of an open type.
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They also occur in unranked ethnic stratification systems. According to Joseph Rotschild and Donald Horowitz , ranked ethnic systems are based upon the coincidence of social class with ethnic groups. Where the two categories do not coincide i. Horowitz, in particular, suggests that ethnic and class conflict coincide when ethnicity and class coincide in ranked systems. Ethnic conflict, however, impedes or obscures class conflict when ethnic groups crosscut classes, as occurs in unranked systems.
Ethnic conflicts epitomize a defective state or a state that is bound by, or enmeshed in, primordial loyalties. According to Gurr In the words of Rupesinghe : Consociated democracy represents an alternative to what may be called a majority democracy-where the individual citizen is the most important political unit, and political legitimacy is won on the basis of support from the majority of individual citizens. Read Open Access. Freemium Recommend to your library for acquisition. Buy Print version amazon.
ISBN: DOI: Suberu, R. Suberu, Rotimi T. Ethnic Minority Conflicts and Governance in Nigeria. By Suberu.
Related The Politicization of Ethnicity as Source of Conflict : The Nigerian Situation
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